LAMPEDUSA. Italy, 2011.
On 17th December 2010 Mohammed Bouazizi, a Tunisian street vendor, 26-year old, set himself on fire in protest of the harassment inflicted on him by the Police. His act became a symbol of the Tunisian Revolution and the wider Arab Spring, the wrath of the population exploded in demonstrations and riots that led to overthrowing the main regimes of the Maghreb’s states.
The outcome is the establishment of military transitional governments while the old settlers states overlook the settlement policy. The trans-Mediterranean migration flows will also dramatically increase, leading to record shocking numbers of victims drowned and disappeared.
The lack of management by the Italian government will lead to overcrowding of the CIE (Centre for Identification and Expulsion): thousands of refugees will be abandoned in the streets without adequate assistance.
After the first landings the Italian government will adopt the controversial policy of repatriation and will declare “national state of emergency”, which will make the rescue operations even more dangerous and complex.
The failure of the Italian migration policy is the main reason for the “clandestine” social status of many refugees, fostering favourable conditions for exploitation and illegal employment of immigration.